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The following photos are examples of Residential uses:

Single Family
The most common definition of a single-family home is: An individual, freestanding, unattached dwelling unit, typically built on a lot larger than the structure itself, resulting in an area surrounding the house, known as a yard.
Multi-Family Residential

The multi-family housing category includes many configurations ranging from side-by-side townhomes and villas to high-rise buildings containing an abundance of apartment flats, and various and sundry types in between. Many of the terms used to define a particular multi-family housing product are interchangeable, making their definitions somewhat dubious. What follows represents definitions that are generally accepted by the US building industry. That said, the terms do, vary from region to region and community to community.

Duplex, Triplex, Quadraplex - These multi-family housing terms simply define the number of units contained in a multi-family building. A duplex consists of two units per building; a triplex, three units per building; and a quadraplex, four units per building. While the duplex and triplex are generally built side-by-side in a row, the units in a quadraplex are generally constructed back-to-back.

Townhome/Townhouse - The term townhome-or townhouse-originated in the United Kingdom and simply denoted exactly what it was - a home in town. The townhome was generally owned by a peer or member of the aristocracy, as an alternative residence to their country home, to be used when parliament was in session. The original townhouse units were attached side-by-side in a row creating the illusion of one massive building. Many have since been converted to tenements, aka rental apartments. Thanks to its urban roots, the design of the townhouse remains distinct, being relatively narrow, tall (multi-storied) and uniform. This configuration is also known as a "rowhouse." This term is not common in the US as the perception of a rowhouse is that it is smaller and less luxurious than a townhouse. In recent years, the townhouse/townhome has evolved to represent non-uniform units in suburban areas that are designed to provide the perception of a single-family home in spite of the product's inherent "attachment." The units themselves have also grown in size. While the traditional townhouse apartment is defined as a two bedroom unit with the living room in the front on the lower level, the kitchen in the back, and two bedrooms on the front and back of the upper level with a single bathroom between, contemporary designs now include three and four bedrooms, an equal number of bathrooms, and floor plans of great variety. Most modern townhomes also accommodate a one or two car garage.

Apartment/Apartment Flat -
Apartment is a generic term that can be applied to any multi-family product, including the multi-level townhome. However, in the strictest sense, apartments are "flats", i.e., single-level units, stacked on top of each other in multi-story buildings. This is the configuration for many condominium buildings, ergo the misperception that a "condominium" is an apartment rather than a form of ownership. Apartment flats are diverse in size and design, and include studio/efficiency units, and one, two, three, and more, bedroom floorplans. The modern apartment flat can be as large as a single-family home and can include a family room, den, home office, and/or formal dining room.
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